The pomegranate is considered a superfood because of its health properties. Clinical research has uncovered the reasons why this fruit has been venerated, from time immemorial, as a symbol of fertility.
Its secret lies with its polyphenols content, in particular with punicalagins.
These valuable substances protect the joints, heart and prostate.
The pomegranate, or punic granatum, is one of the oldest known fruits.
It originally comes from Persia and is very rich in nutrients.
Due to these properties it has long been revered as a symbol of health, fertility and longevity.
For more than eight thousand years it has been used in traditional medicine, but so far the West had not paid it sufficient attention.
Due to the spectacular results of the clinical analyses in 2016, it is currently considered to be a superfruit.
Pomegranate is one of the most complete sources of good health
The pomegranate is a "healthy fruit" and it should be noted that among its many benefits it reduces the risk of several types of cancer and cerebrovascular attacks.
In addition, it prevents the harmful effects of chronic inflammation and oxidation, slowsdown the appearance of diseases in menopause, helps with prostate problems, cholesterol issues and weight reduction. It also promotes the optimal functioning of the brain, the condition of the joints and helps keep the immune system in perfect condition, as well as preventing arthritis, infections, and Alzheimer's.
This fruit is distinguished from all others by its medicinal qualities, which include its antioxidant properties, their ability to regulate hormones, antibacterial and antiviral effects. For these reasons it should be added to the diet by means of a nutritional supplement.
Clinical studies have shown that this fruit is one of the food products with the most properties and benefits for the organism. This is due to the polyphenols it contains, which protects the cardiovascular system and promote the proper functioning of the nervous system and condition of the bones.
The valuable properties of pomegranate
Pomegranates are rich in valuable nutrients, namely their phytochemical ingredients, flavonoids and polyphenols. A glass of pomegranate juice has more antioxidants than red wine, green tea and cranberry.
Punicalagins are polyphenols that are only found in pomegranate and have great general benefits for the body. They protect the cardiovascular system, reduce bad cholesterol, lower blood pressure, and increase the response time to heart blockages, reducing the risk of atherosclerosis.
In addition, they naturally reduces blood pressure, helping to avoid the risk of heart attacks or strokes.
This fruit is, in fact, good for the heart and blood vessels in general and has several other benefits: helping to prevent various types of cancer, such as breast, prostate, colon, and leukemia. It also contains phytochemical elements that stimulate serotonin and estrogen, reducing the symptoms of depression. It has been proven in laboratory experiments that it helps improve bone density in animals.
Several clinical studies have shown how the intake of 80 mg of pomegranate in the form of dietary supplements enhances the overall state of health.
Is it better to eat fresh pomegranate or take pomegranate supplements?
Fresh pomegranate is not available in the supermarket all year-round. In addition, they are quite expensive and it is very difficult to take the amount our body needs every day.
The required amount of fresh pomegranate juice is around 500 to 700 ml daily.
Pomegranate juice sold in a bottle or "tetra pak" also contains a very low proportion of real natural juice.
Even the percentage of punicalagins in fruit and fresh juice is very variable, so we can not be sure we are getting enough.
Another drawback is that the juice contains a lot of sugar and calories. Therefore, pomegranate dietary supplements are the easiest, safest and most effective way of consuming the amount of punicalagins that the body needs daily.
Not all pomegranate supplements are the same. Check the percentage of punicalagin, the essential ingredient
If you want to take pomegranate extract supplements every day in order to prevent the onset of diseases, you should always choose a product with a sufficient punicalagins content.
Look for products that have a full spectrum of polyphenols and punicalagins, exceeding 30%, which is 180 mg of punicalagins per capsule.
Punicalagins are found in pomegranate seeds, peel and yellow membranes.
Regular consumption of pomegranate extract supplements has been shown to have medicinal benefits that regulate blood pressure, calm inflammation, prevent the onset of cardiovascular disease and regulate weight.
Other benefits include protection against UV rays and reducing the risk of prostrate cancer and sexual dysfunction.
Dr. Sergio Steinberger said: "We have wasted thousands of years not fully taking advantage of the pomegranate, we have now identified its extraordinary properties and benefits for the body and know how to make it accessible to the public".
"Our research has found a surprising range of medicinal benefits provided by pomegranate juice", Doctor Steinberger also said. "Pomegranates have been scientifically studied in recent years. This has shown the benefits that derive from the seeds of the fruit, skin and inner sheath."
The benefits of pomegranate for cardiovascular health
We already know that punicalagins have antioxidant properties and benefit the cardiovascular system. In 2000, a pioneering Spanish study along with the University of California, proved that "the antioxidant activity of Pomegranate is based mainly on hydrolysable tannins, contained in punicalagins".
Research has shown how phenolic compounds, including punicalagins, have a powerful effect on cardiovascular diseases. The following was subsequently concluded by the researchers:
"It is noteworthy that punicalagins are the most effective antioxidant ingredients, which are mainly what contribute to the antioxidant properties observed in pomegranate juice.”
“Our discovery that pomegranate juice (standardised in terms of its punicalagin content) is more effective than separate polyphenols, suggests that the other phytochemicals it contains also contribute to enhancing its health benefits.”
High bioavailability of pomegranate
Bioavailability is the key to the effective use of a nutrient. Without bioavailability, it cannot be transported through the body. Punicalagins have a bioavailability percentage of about 95% and offer a variety of antioxidant properties.
The uniqueness of punicalagins lies in their ability to act as if they were "polyphenol" bombs, able to be divided into several metabolic active "elements", such as ellagic acid and urolithins.
Medical researchers who have studied what food is the best antioxidant for cardiovascular health, healthy ageing, weight reduction and increasing longevity, have found the best candidate to be the pomegranate.
In 2016, it was discovered how this works.
It is due to punicalagins, which are powerful antioxidants. Punicalagins are polinenoles of gallic acid which capture and neutralise free radicals and also have some other interesting activities, such as regulating inflammation and protecting DNA. Punicalagins are unique because once they enter the bloodstream they are easily metabolised and absorbed by the body's tissues.
The multiple health benefits of pomegranate extract
Interest in pomegranate has been growing since 2000. Since that time nearly 3,000 scientific reports have endorsed the health-giving properties of this fruit.
Its benefits derive from its high punicalagins content, ellagic acid and certain glycosides (made up of powerful antioxidant polyphenolic compounds).
The detailed investigation of pomegranate currently focuses on its medicinal qualities in the areas of inflammation, cardiovascular diseases, the regeneration of the skin and protection from UV rays.
1. Pomegranate protects against cardiovascular diseases, hypertension and high blood pressure
Pomegranate extract has a positive impact on the cardiovascular health of patients suffering from atherosclerosis with stenosis of the carotid artery. High levels of cholesterol and triglycerides are some of the risk factors that are associated with atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease.
Regular consumption of pomegranate extract protects the cardiovascular system and helps prevent heart attacks.
High blood pressure is one of the risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease.
Dr. Steinberger studied the impact that pomegranate extract has on blood pressure and came to the conclusion that it has an antihypertensive action which helps prevents cardiovascular disease and heart attacks to a greater or lesser extent. Therefore pomegranate dietary supplements contribute to maintaining good health and the prevention of heart problems.
2. Pomegranate benefits for inflammation reduction
Pomegranate extract has a beneficial effect on many inflammatory diseases, including arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease. Bioactive compounds from pomegranate extract (polyphenols) reduce inflammation by acting at the level of NFkB genetic transcription factor. The anti-inflammatory effect is similar to that produced by ibuprofen.
Dr. Steinberger analysed the anti-inflammatory effect of pomegranate by measuring the amounts of various cytokines involved in inflammation that are contained in blood serum. The quantities of proinflammatory cytokines IL1, IL6, IL8, IL12 (p70) and blood serum TNF were found to be reduced by consuming pomegranate extract.
3. Pomegranate is a potent antioxidant
The ingestion of pomegranate produces a reduction in the levels of 8-oxo-DG. This metabolite is an indicator of DNA damage. Pomegranate extract consumption affects the functioning of many genes involved in various metabolic processes in the body. Many of these genes are intended to protect the body from oxidative stress situations.
Blood analysis of research participants showed no hepatic dysfunction or other anomalies after taking pomegranate extract, which demonstrates the safety for consumers when taking the standard dose. Data from this study demonstrates the antioxidant power of pomegranate extract in humans, whose results have been confirmed by other trials.
4. Pomegranate reduces sexual dysfunction
Patients suffering from erectile dysfunction state that they have improved performance after taking pomegranate supplements. This is because punicalagins stimulate the production of nitric oxide, a vasodilator that increases blood circulation. This has positive effects on erectile function. In a survey conducted 30 days after daily consumption of pomegranate extract all participants confirmed that they had experienced an increase in libido.
5. Pomegranate provides UV protection
Excessive exposure to ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation and radiation (UV radiation) has numerous negative effects for the health of the skin, including redness, hyperpigmentation and light-induced skin ageing. Clinical research shows that consumption of pomegranate extract protects human skin cells from these harmful rays.
6. Pomegranate anti-cancer properties
Laboratory tests conducted in 2016 indicate a decrease of 12% in cell proliferation in prostate cancer and an inhibitory effect on breast cancer. In addition, the bioactive compounds in pomegranate extract have anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative and apoptotic effects on prostate and colon cancer.
When the prostate is slightly enlarged due to age, herbal dietary supplements can relieve the discomfort. The most well-known cure is pumpkin seed, not only for relieving the need to urinate frequently, but it can also when the bladder or prostate is inflamed.
Saw palmetto, nettle root, and rye pollen are also good for treating prostate problems. In addition, the phytosterols contained in these plants also have other health benefits, such as reducing inflammation and swelling of the prostate gland, inhibiting the long-term enlargement of the prostate and preventing the onset of prostate cancer.