Carnosine is the result of the combination of beta-alanine and l-histidine. As in the case of Carnitine, the word Carnosine is composed by the root "carn", that means meat, referring to the fact that it is found especially in proteins of animal origin.
Although it can be found in various places in our bodies, the main reserves are found at a muscular level.
It is located in the heart cells and nerves.
The most important of carnosine’s functions is the avoidance of a low pH level, thereby improving performance by delaying muscle fatigue. As we age, carnosine reserves diminish, becoming 47% lower in older people, making it a supplement of great interest to this particular demographic group.
Carnosine is also a powerful antioxidant that protects cells, proteins, DNA and lipids from oxidative destruction and degradation.
Thanks to its unique effects, the body can stay young, vital and healthy for longer.
What is carnosine?
It is a dipeptide (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) composed of the amino acids alanine and histidine which is very concentrated in the brain and muscles
It is an excellent antioxidant which acts against free radicals
It protects all the cells in body with its anti-ageing properties
It is a beta-amyloid blocker, a substance that attacks nerve tissue
Carnosine is produced by the body itself
Properties and benefits of carnosine
Carnosine facilitates the removal of toxic substances, for example, zinc and copper from the body, thereby reinforcing the immune system. Carnosine additionally helps fight free radicals that may cause cancer.
Carnosine has an important role in accelerating healing.
It is useful in counteracting the side effects of chemotherapy, reducing the damage to blood cells and bone marrow toxicity. Thanks to its antioxidant effect, it reduces oxidative stress and chemotherapy-induced genotoxicity.
Another of its beneficial effects is to protect against the damage caused by high blood sugar and alcohol levels. It even has a hepatoprotective effect, making it ideal for maintaining a healthy liver.
Carnosine supplements can be of great interest for athletes.
The ability of an athlete to resist fatigue can determine the intensity and duration of the workout and therefore can have an impact on their objectives. Fatigue resistance is limited in part by intramuscular carnosine concentrations.
Carnosine is a substance that helps delay fatigue through a number of mechanisms, including its physiological ability to regulate pH, reducing oxidative stress by directly facilitating the processes of excitation-contraction.
When we do high intensity exercise and maintain this intensity over time waste substances are produced, causing acidity in the body. Carnosine decreases acidity and as a result reduces fatigue, so therefore has an important role as a physiological pH regulator.
Carnosine is recommended:
To fight against the ageing of cells
For the prevention of cancer
For patients with neurological disorders
To combat physical and mental stress
In cases of autism
In cases of diabetes
What foods contain carnosine?
Human beings have the ability to synthesise certain amounts of carnosine in the body. However, with age the amount of available canosine in the body decreases more and more. This leads to an ageing of cells and a weakening of the immune system. Therefore, the body needs an additional contribution of carnosine which can be obtained by taking dietary supplements.
Meat is particularly rich in carnosine. The reason for this is that carnosine is found mainly in muscle tissue. We can also ingest carnosine through dietary supplements.
What causes a carnosine deficit ?
Carnosine deficiency can manifest itself in different ways. The first symptoms are usually a strong sensation of thirst and an increase in glucose levels and fatigue.
Carnosine is stored in the muscles and organs such as the kidneys, liver, or heart. It cannot be detected through blood. Carnosine levels can only be analysed through the muscle cells.
When there is a deficiency of carnosine in the body we must immediately restore the balance by taking carnosine supplements.
Carnosine ingestion and applications
It is used in medicine for the treatment of various diseases. For example to prevent the hardening of the arteries, in order to strengthen the functioning of nerve cells, to reduce cellular ageing and to destroy free radicals.
Carnosine is used by professional athletes for maintaining muscle pH. This is key in reducing fatigue and pain in the muscles, allowing athletes to perform more intensive training and to do more repetitions in bodybuilding.
The appropriate carnosine dietary supplement dosage depends on the goal of the person taking it. The level of the dose generally ranges between 400 mg and 1000 mg.
The dose depends on body weight, physical condition and other factors. Carnosine is taken 30 minutes before meals, since this helps to better reach muscle cells and that the intake is more efficient.
Who is carnosine especially important for?
For patients with muscle disease
For people with a neurological disease
For people with increased risk of cancer
For patients with diabetes
For patients with high blood pressure
In situations involving increased stress
Side effects of carnosine
High doses of carnosine can cause insomnia and difficulty sleeping. A feeling of anxiety or over-excitement can occur in these cases.
Carnosine according to experts
There are numerous research and clinical studies on the positive effects of carnosine in treating various diseases. Experts agree in assuring that carnosine has many benefits for cells.
Carnosine is a fully-recognised natural treatment for cellular ageing.
Some clinical studies have confirmed the importance of carnosine for eliminating heavy metals from the body.
It has also has been discovered that the use of carnosine has a positive effect in treating muscular disorders, to the point of increasing the mobility of muscles and significantly enhancing physical performance.